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Old 11-06-2011, 06:11 PM
Sherry C's Avatar
Sherry C Sherry C is offline
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Location: Bad Axe, MI, USA (The Tip of the Thumb of Michigan)
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Default Instrument Definition files

Hi friends,

If you use a MIDI device that is different than the GM standard instrument set, you probably want to use an "instrument definition" file (.INS) to give you the right instrument names for the right patch numbers. In other words, when you select "Horn" from the Instrument patch grid, you probably don't want to hear temple bells

You can hand-enter the different instrument names into the grid to create a "MIDI device description" (.mdd) for your device, but that takes a while. Notation Musician and Notation Composer both can import an "instrument definition" file, the format which was developed and defined by Cakewalk. It then saves that information as your device description when using Notation software. Cakewalk used to have an ftp page that contained a lot of these .ins files, but have since taken it down. Fortunately I had downloaded all of the ones they had at one time, and since they don't seem to be generally available, I'm going to post them here just to keep them available for our and other users.

There is a website at which contains a boatload of INS files for Yamaha keyboard synths. You can pick those up at that site.
Yamaha also has a single self-extracting file (it's a .exe) that contains the INS files for a lot of older units (pre-2004, from the look of the web page). You can find that at

Tyros users can find INS files at "Heiko's page".

If you happen to have another .ins file that is not included here, please feel free to post it in this thread.

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Last edited by Sherry C; 12-24-2013 at 12:37 AM. Reason: update some links
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.ins, cakewalk, device description, instrument definition, midi device

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